Fourf is a Ty1/Copia LTR retrotransposon described in Zea mays (SanMiguel et al. 1996). It is part of a complex nested structure involving at least nine other mobile genetic elements inserted in another Ty1/Copia LTR retrotransposon -RIRE1, which at the same time is inserted in another genetic element called Prem2-a (Fu et al. 2002). According to Llorens et al. 2009, Fourf belongs to Tork clade within Branch 2 of the Ty1/Copia LTR retrotransposon family. The genome of Fourf is about 7.0 Kb in size, including LTRs of 1.1-1.2 Kb (SanMiguel et al. 1996; Fu et al. 2002). The internal region of this element contains a Primer Binding Site (PBS) complementary to a tRNAiMet, a single long Open Reading Frame (ORF) of 1466 amino acids encoding for the gag and pol domains typical of Ty1/Copia LTR retrotransposons, and a Polypurine Tract (PPT) upstream to the 3´LTR (SanMiguel et al. 1996; Fu et al. 2002).



Figure not to scale. If present, long terminal repeats (LTRs) have been highlighted in blue. Amino acid motifs noted with lines indicate the conserved residues in each protein domain, abbreviations below mean:

MA=matrix PR=protease DU or DUT=dUTPase TM=transmembrane TAV or IBMP=transactivator/viroplasmin or inclusion body matrix protein
CA=capsid RT=reverse transcriptase INT=Integrase CHR=chromodomain
NC=nucleocapsid RH=RNaseH SU=surface MOV=movement protein
PPT=polypurine tract PBS=primer binding site ATF=aphid transmission factor VAP=virion associated protein

Related literature

Genbank accession: 166008041 (nts 40960-47847)
Clade: Tork
Cluster or genus: Undetermined
Branch or class: Branch 2
Family: Ty1/Copia
System: LTR retroelements
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Zea mays.gif
Zea mays
Image, Carlos Llorens,
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Welcome to the Gypsy Database (GyDB) an open editable database about the evolutionary relationship of viruses, mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and the genomic repeats where we invite all authors to contribute with their knowledge to improve and expand the topics.
Cite this project:

Llorens, C., Futami, R., Covelli, L., Dominguez-Escriba, L., Viu, J.M., Tamarit, D., Aguilar-Rodriguez, J. Vicente-Ripolles, M., Fuster, G., Bernet, G.P., Maumus, F., Munoz-Pomer, A., Sempere, J.M., LaTorre, A., Moya, A. (2011) The Gypsy Database (GyDB) of Mobile Genetic Elements: Release 2.0 Nucleic Acids Research (NARESE) 39 (suppl 1): D70-D74 doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq1061

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