Element:Monkey

From The Gypsy Database

Description

Monkey is a LTR retrotransposon characterized in Musa acuminata (Balint-kurti et al. 2000). Monkey belongs to the Chromoviridae branch, term suggested (Marín and Lloréns 2000) to describe the Ty3/Gypsy elements bearing chromodomain-integrases (Malik and Eickbush 1999). The chromovirus branch is probably the most ancient phylogenetic pattern of Ty3/Gypsy retroelements (Gorinsek, Gubensek and Kordis 2004; 2005; Kordis 2005).

Monkey is 6.3 Kb size and its putative LTRs were identified from two repetitive sequences of 420 nt (Radka8 y Radka9) of Musa acuminata (Aert, Sagi and Volckaert 2004). The internal region of this element displays a single Open Reading Frame (ORF) gag-pol with multiples stop codon (Balint-kurti et al. 2000). This element presents a detectable chromodomain at the C-terminal end of the integrase domain. The PBS of fungi and vertebrate chromoviruses, differs significantly from that used by plant chromoviruses. While plant chromoviruses use a methionine starting tRNA (iMet), fungi and vertebrate chromoviruses use their own self-priming mechanism to start the reverse transcription (Levin 1995 ; Butler et al. 2001).

Structure

Monkey.png


Figure not to scale. If present, long terminal repeats (LTRs) have been highlighted in blue. Amino acid motifs noted with lines indicate the conserved residues in each protein domain, abbreviations below mean:

MA=matrix PR=protease DU or DUT=dUTPase TM=transmembrane TAV or IBMP=transactivator/viroplasmin or inclusion body matrix protein
CA=capsid RT=reverse transcriptase INT=Integrase CHR=chromodomain
NC=nucleocapsid RH=RNaseH SU=surface MOV=movement protein
PPT=polypurine tract PBS=primer binding site ATF=aphid transmission factor VAP=virion associated protein

Related literature

Genbank accession:AF143332
AF399948 (Radka8)
AF399938 (Radka9)
Clade:Galadriel
Cluster or genus:Plants
Branch or class:Chromoviruses
Family:Ty3/Gypsy
System:LTR retroelements
Host:
Explore the Tree Life Project
Musa sp.gif
Musa sp
Image, Carlos Llorens,
Copyright, GyDB, Biotech Vana
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